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Stereo Matching in the Presence of Sub-Pixel Calibration Errors

Heiko Hirschmüller, Stefan Gehrig


Abstract

Stereo matching commonly requires rectified images that are computed from calibrated cameras. Since all underlying parametric camera models are only approximations, calibration and rectification will never be perfect. Additionally, it is very hard to keep the calibration perfectly stable in application scenarios with large temperature changes and vibrations. We show that even small calibration errors of a quarter of a pixel are severely amplified on certain structures. We discuss a robotics and a driver assistance example where sub-pixel calibration errors cause severe problems. We propose a filter solution based on signal theory that removes critical structures and makes stereo algorithms less sensitive to calibration errors. Our approach does not aim to correct decalibration, but rather to avoid amplifications and mismatches. Experiments on ten stereo pairs with ground truth and simulated decalibrations as well as images from robotics and driver assistance scenarios demonstrate the success and limitations of our solution that can be combined with any stereo method.

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